What are the effects of nutrition on hormones?

Hormones help in controlling all the physiological process in our body like- metabolism, immune
system, menstrual cycle, and reproduction. Hormonal balance is very essential for proper working of
human body. Diet and proper exercise help in balancing the hormones. There are various tangible
and intangible symptoms of hormonal imbalance in human body. We need to keep pour mind and
body nourished all the time. If there is malnutrition then it can cause many severe problems like
stress, fertility problems and many other problems.

How hormones work in our human body?

There are many hormones in human body, more than two hundred at least. Examples of hormones
are insulin, estrogen, testosterone, leptin, cortisol and many others. Our hormones affect our
metabolism, mood, and reproductive system.

Metabolism

Hormones like insulin is secreted from pancreas right after you eat your food. Insulin takes the
glucose from blood and takes to cells for energy. It also stores excess glucose in the form of fat.
Leptin helps in balancing the weight and responds to brain when you are full; it is released from fat
cells. Ghrelin is also known as “hunger hormone”, this hormone stimulates the appetite. Thyroid
hormone helps in regulation of weight, energy, growth, and more aspects of your body

Mood

Cortisol is called “stress hormone”. It is released when people feel stressed and is not good for health. It can lead to high blood pressure. Adrenaline is an important hormone that is released when
human body sense fear or is under stress. This hormone increases heart rate. The next very
important hormone is Melatonin. This is the hormone that is released when we sleep i.e., at night.

Reproductive system

Estrogen is the most essential female sex hormone that is responsible to regulate menstruation cycle
in females, changes in puberty and pregnancy. Estrogen also keeps the bone of the females strong
and regulates cholesterol. Likewise, the male sex hormone is testosterone, which is responsible for
changes in puberty, strengthen bones and muscle in men. Both these hormones play an important
role in creating balance.

What are the foods to eat for hormonal balance?

Salmon and broccoli

Green vegetables like broccoli helps in keeping the hormones efficient like estrogen. Other
vegetables like cauliflower, kale and cabbage also keeps estrogen in check. Eating healthy vegetables
is essential for female to prevent estrogen related cancer.

Avocados

Avocados help in regulating blood pressure in human body and are very delicious to eat. Adding
avocados in diet will regulate estrogen and testosterone in both male and female. You can make
healthy cuisines adding avocado in it. Eating avocado in morning or in lunch can help to keep the
hormones under control.

Fruits and vegetables

No one can emphasize enough on the fact that fruits and vegetables are important for our overall
health. People should avoid drinking alcohol, fried food, and high sugar diet. All this is very harmful
for your body and your diet. Alcohol hinders the development of female body and can also be
harmful during pregnancy of lady. Alcohol can also cause breast cancer in women.

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